What is battery electric vehicle? (BEV)

  • These vehicles are solely powered by electricity stored in rechargeable batteries. Battery electric vehicles do not have a traditional internal combustion engine and produce zero tailpipe emissions. They offer a fully electric driving experience and require external charging infrastructure to recharge their batteries.
  • Battery electric vehicles use rechargeable lithium-ion batteries as their primary energy source. These batteries store electrical energy, which is then used to power an electric motor that drives the vehicle.
  • Battery electric vehicles provides good performance, acceleration and torque due instant power from electric motor and its characteristics provides better control and smooth rides.
  • Battery electric vehicle need to be regularly charged to maintain their operational range. Charging infrastructure includes home charging stations, public charging stations, and fast-charging stations along highways.
  • Apart of all advantages battery electric vehicles are facing challenges such as travel ranges
    As their travel ranges limited to due to the requirement of battery charge per. There are some vehicles which are having traveling range up to 150-400 Km Per charge.
  • The market for BEVs has been growing steadily as technology advances, and consumers and governments prioritize sustainable transportation. Many major automakers are investing heavily in electric vehicle development and production.
  • Battery electric vehicles produce zero tailpipe emissions, making them environmentally friendly, especially when charged using renewable energy sources. However, it’s important to consider the overall environmental impact, including the manufacturing and disposal of batteries.
  • Battery electric vehicles helps to reduce green house gases hence the government has taken incentives to increase adaptation of electric vehicles.
  • The initial cost of battery electric vehicles is generally higher than the conventional

Internal combustion engine vehicles due to advances battery technology, research and development requirements.

  • Battery electric vehicle having lower maintenance cost as fuel and lower moving elements are there in electric vehicle.
  • Battery electric vehicles are widely used vehicles in the world wide as the rise of petrol price and fuel.
  • Battery electric vehicles provide good efficiency compared to the fuel vehicles as there is lower friction.

How Battery electric vehicle works?

In Battery electric vehicle following major components are used

  • Electric Motor
  • Rechargeable or Regenerative Battery Pack
  • Electric propulsion systems
  • Energy Source Subsystem
  • Auxiliary Subsystem

Electric Motor:  Electric Motor is main component used in all electric vehicles. Electric motors are used for the Propulsion of electric vehicles. These motor use electric supply from electric propulsion system of battery electric vehicle.

Rechargeable or Regenerative Battery Pack: This is the important part of every battery electric vehicle. This regenerative battery packs are nothing but the pack lithium-ion. This regenerative battery pack is charged and used to drive electric motor. This battery pack is recharge and reuse that why it is called as regenerative battery pack and also It can be charged with regenerative braking system.

Electric propulsion System: As all electric vehicle battery electric vehicle use electric propulsion system which includes different electric control elements such as invertor and power control units. Electric propulsion system is used to control electric power supply to the motors of battery electric vehicles.

Energy Source Subsystem: In energy subsystem it involves part like charger. This is used to charge electric vehicle. This system is mainly used to connect the battery electric vehicle to the external power supply which is used to charge the Regenerative battery pack of battery electric vehicles.

Auxiliary Subsystem: In auxiliary Subsystem of battery electric vehicle, it includes controls of electric vehicles like power steering and Ac and other cruise controls of electric vehicles. This auxiliary subsystem used in all kinds of electric vehicles.

Advantages of Battery electric vehicles

  • Zero tailpipe emissions.
  • Easy to charge at home.
  • Good resale value
  • Better performance.
  • Lower maintenance costs.
  • Cheaper to Operate and maintain.
  • Noise free.
  • More efficient than fuel vehicle.

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